This day in history...

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Postby TigerTownTurkey » April 25th, 2007, 4:35 am

Religious History
1530 The Augsburg Confession was read publicly at the Diet of Worms. Written principally by Philip Melanchthon, the document comprised the first official summary of the Lutheran faith.
1792 Birth of John Keble, English clergyman and poet. Credited with having founded the Oxford Movement in 1833, Keble also authored the hymn, "Sun of My Soul, Thou Savior Dear" (1820).
1800 Death of William Cowper, 69, English poet. A lifelong victim of depression, Cowper nevertheless left a great spiritual literary legacy, including three enduring hymns: "God Moves in a Mysterious Way," "Oh, For a Closer Walk with God" and "There is a Fountain."
1929 The Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America was organized in Detroit, partly in response to the insurgence of Communism in Eastern Europe. Previously, its parishes were under jurisdiction of the Patriarchate in Bucharest, Hungary.
1982 Captured in 1967, the Sinai Peninsula was returned by Israel to Egypt, as part of the 1979 Camp David Accord.
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » April 26th, 2007, 8:07 am

Religious History
1518 German reformer Martin Luther stated in his Disputation at Heidelberg: 'Grace is given to heal the spiritually sick, not to decorate spiritual heroes.'
1834 Birth of Horatio R. Palmer, American Congregational clergyman. From his books of religious verse came two hymns which are still sung today: "Jesus, Thou Joy of Loving Hearts" and "My Faith Looks Up to Thee."
1877 The residents of Minnesota observed a statewide day of prayer, asking for deliverance from a plague of grasshoppers that had been ravishing their farm crops this year. (The plague ended soon after, in the summer.)
1955 The Roman Catholic religious program "Life is Worth Living" aired for the last time over Dumont television. Premiering in 1952, it was hosted by Bishop Fulton J. Sheen, who won an Emmy during its first year of broadcast for being "the most outstanding personality" on television.
1956 English apologist C.S. Lewis wrote in "Letters to an American Lady": 'One of the many reasons for wishing to be a better Christian is that, if one were, one's prayers for others might be more effectual.'
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » April 26th, 2007, 7:11 pm

Birthdates which occurred on April 26:
0121 Antonius Marcus Aurelius [Marcus A Verus], Emperor of Rome (161-180)
1319 Jean II the Good, king of France (1350-64)
1538 Giovanni P Lomazzo Italian writer/poet (Trattato)
1567 Nicolas Forme composer
1573 Marie de'Medici Queen of France
1603 Francesco Nigetti composer
1637 Philip J van Lichtenbergh Governor of Suriname, baptized
1648 Pedro II King of Portugal (1683-1706)
1711 David Hume England, empiricist/philosopher (Treatise of Human Nature)
1718 Esek Hopkins US, 1st commander-in-chief (US Navy)
1726 Pasquale Paoli Corsican freedom fighter
1776 Joan M Kemper Dutch lawyer (designed civil code law book)
1782 Maria Amalia of Bourbon-Sicily wife of Louis Phillip of Austria
1785 John James Audubon Haiti, bird watcher/artist
1787 Ludwig Uhland writer
1796 Auguste-Matthieu Panseron composer
1798 Ferdinand Eugène Delacroix French painter/lithograph/etcher (Journal)
1806 Ludwig Friedrich Hetsch composer
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » April 27th, 2007, 7:12 am

Friday, April 27, 2007
WOODY WOODPECKER DAY


On this, his birthday, we pay tribute to the man who created the fun-loving, slightly manic bird he called, Woody Woodpecker. Cartoonist Walter Lantz was born on this day in 1900 in New Rochelle, New York.
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » April 28th, 2007, 5:40 am

Birthdays
April 28
1758 - James Monroe
5th U.S. President [1817-1825]; married to Elizabeth Kortright [one son, two daughters]; nickname: The Last Cocked Hat; died July 4, 1831
1871 - Louise Homer
opera singer: contralto: NY Metropolitan Opera House [1900-1919]; died May 6, 1947

1874 - Sidney Toler
actor: Charlie Chan at the Wax Museum, Charlie Chan in Rio, The Jade Mask, The Scarlet Clue, The Shanghai Cobra, Terror by Night, Meeting at Midnight; died Feb 12, 1947

1878 - Lionel Barrymore (Blythe)
Academy Award-winning actor: A Free Soul [1930-31]; Camille, Captains Courageous, Duel in the Sun, It’s a Wonderful Life, Key Largo, The Little Colonel; died Nov 15, 1954

1902 - Red (Charles Frederick) Lucas
‘The Nashville Narcissus’: baseball: pitcher: NY Giants, Boston Braves, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates; died July 9, 1986

1917 - Robert Anderson
playwright: Tea and Sympathy, Sand Pebbles, I Never Sang for My Father, The Nun’s Story

1926 - Blossom Dearie
singer: group: Blue Stars: French version of Lullaby in Birdland; own record label: Daffodil Records

1926 - (Nelle) Harper Lee
author: To Kill a Mockingbird

1929 - Carolyn Jones
actress: The Tender Trap, The Seven Year Itch, Marjorie Morningstar, King Creole, Invasion of the Body Snatchers, House of Wax, How the West was Won, The Addams Family; died Aug 3, 1983

1934 - Jackie (John George) Brandt
baseball: NY Giants, SL Cardinals, SF Giants, Baltimore Orioles [all-star: 1961], Philadelphia Phillies, Houston Astros

1938 - Madge Sinclair
Emmy Award-winning actress: Gabriel’s Fire [1990-91], Trapper John M.D., Roots, Ohara, Me and the Boys, Grandpa Goes to Washington, A Century of Women, The End of Innocence, Coming to America, Convoy, Conrack; died Dec 20, 1995

1941 - Ann-Margret (Olsson)
actress: Carnal Knowledge, Tommy, Viva Las Vegas, Grumpy Old Men, Grumpier Old Men, Bye, Bye, Birdie, Scarlett; singer: I Just Don’t Understand

1945 - John Wolters
musician: drums: group: Dr. Hook

1948 - Marcia Strassman
actress: Welcome Back Kotter, Honey I Shrunk the Kids, Honey I Blew Up the Kids, Another Stakeout; singer

1948 - Pablo (Arnoldo) Torrealba
baseball: pitcher: Atlanta Braves, Oakland Athletics, Chicago White Sox

1949 - Bruno Kirby
actor: The Basketball Diaries, Fallen Angels 2, City Slickers, When Harry Met Sally, Good Morning, Vietnam, This is Spinal Tap, Birdy, The Godfather, Part 2, The Harrad Experiment, The Super; died Aug 14, 2006

1950 - Jay Leno
comedian, TV talk show host: The Tonight Show

1950 - Jim Wiley
hockey: NHL: Pittsburgh Penguins, Vancouver Canucks; head coach: Kansas City Blades, Kentucky Thoroughblades

1953 - Tony Peters
football: Washington Redskins safety: Super Bowl XVII

1971 - Chris Young
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » April 29th, 2007, 6:43 am

Sunday, April 29, 2007
SIR DUKE DAY


The man who became one of the twentieth century’s finest composers, Edward Kennedy Ellington, was born on this day in 1899 in Washington, D.C. Right from the git-go, the handsome, sharply dressed teenager (that’s where he got the nickname, Duke) was headed for success.
At first it was art. He won a poster-design contest and an art scholarship, left school and started a sign-painting business.

But it was his natural piano-playing ability that attracted the young women, so Duke Ellington headed in that direction. He played with Elmer Snowden’s band and took over leadership in 1925. They played and stayed at New York’s Cotton Club from 1927 through 1931, broadcasting shows live on the radio. From then on it was tours, recordings, and history in the making. Ellington would be one of the founders of big band jazz.
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » April 29th, 2007, 7:46 pm

On April 29, 1992, deadly rioting that claimed 54 lives and caused $1 billion in damage erupted in Los Angeles after a jury in Simi Valley acquitted four Los Angeles police officers of almost all state charges in the videotaped beating of Rodney King. (Go to article.)

On April 29, 1901, Hirohito, ruler of Japan during World War II and Japan's longest-reigning monarch, was born. Following his death on Jan. 7, 1989, his obituary appeared in The Times. (Go to obit. | Other Birthdays)



On April 29, 1882, Harper's Weekly featured a cartoon about Congress and British-American relations. (See the cartoon and read an explanation.)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
On this date in:


1429 Joan of Arc entered the besieged city of Orleans to lead a victory over the English.


1861 Maryland's House of Delegates voted against seceding from the Union.


1862 New Orleans fell to Union forces during the Civil War.


1899 Jazz musician Duke Ellington was born in Washington D.C.


1916 The Easter uprising in Dublin collapsed as Irish nationalists surrendered to British authorities.
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » April 30th, 2007, 6:38 am

On April 30, 1789, George Washington delivered his first inaugural address to a joint session of Congress, assembled in Federal Hall in the nation's new capital, New York City. The newly-elected president delivered the speech in a deep, low voice that betrayed what one observer called "manifest embarrassment." Washington had not sought the office of president and was humbled by the nation's request for him to serve.
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 1st, 2007, 2:22 am

Rally ’round the Maypole, as we gather this information for you to start this, the merry merry month of May!
May Day has been a traditional holiday celebration since ancient times. On this day, spring festivals and Maypoles are common. The Maypole is a tall pole that is covered with streamers, flowers and other decorations of spring. People grab hold of a streamer and dance around the pole to ward off ol’ man Winter for good. It is a way to shake the dreary winter blues once and for all.

Since the 1880s, May Day has been celebrated in some countries, particularly socialist nations, as a labor holiday.

In Hawaii, May Day is Lei Day. It’s a day when friends, lovers, bosses, relatives ... just about anyone and everyone ... gives the gift of a lei to another, putting it around the receiver’s neck and accompanying it with the traditional kiss. This custom of sharing the aloha spirit with a beautiful floral lei on Lei Day began in 1928. There are many celebrations throughout the Hawaiian islands; some complete with pageants, a Lei Queen and her court, Hawaiian music and hula dances.

Lei Day, May Day or any day, giving a lei is a beautiful way to say, “Aloha.”
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 2nd, 2007, 5:28 am

Religious History
1507 Two years after entering the Augustinian monastery at Erfurt, future German reformer Martin Luther, 23, was consecrated a priest. (Luther remained in the order until 1521, when he was excommunicated from the Catholic Church.)
1872 A lectureship was established at Yale Divinity School in memory of American clergyman Lyman Beecher (1775-1863). The lectures were to cover topics on preaching and the work of the Christian ministry.
1922 Birth of missions pioneer Bob Finley. In 1953 he chartered the Christian Aid Mission in Washington, D.C. Today, this evangelical group works in over 40 countries, and is headquartered in Charlottesville, Virginia.
1949 American missionary and martyr Jim Elliot wrote in his journal: 'The man who will not act until he knows all will never act at all.'
1956 The General Conference of the Methodist Church, held in Minneapolis, demanded abolishment of racial segregation in all Methodist churches.
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 2nd, 2007, 7:52 pm

This Day in History 1931: Empire State Building dedicated
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 3rd, 2007, 6:33 am

Religious History
1512 The Fifth Lateran Council opened under Pope Julius II. Its twelve sessions lasting through 1517, the council continued under Leo X, following Julius' death in 1513.
1675 A Massachusetts law was enacted requiring church doors to be locked during the worship service. (Too many people were leaving before the long sermons were completed.)
1738 English revivalist George Whitefield, 23, first arrived in America. In all, Whitefield crossed the Atlantic thirteen times, and died in Massachusetts in 1770, during his seventh visit.
1850 Sixteen year old Charles H. Spurgeon made his public profession of faith in Jesus Christ in a Primitive Methodist Chapel, in Colchester, England. Spurgeon began a preaching career the following year which did not end until his death in 1892.
1878 Death of William Whiting, 53, Anglican poet and music instructor. He is known to have written only one hymn during his life, but its popularity has endured: "Eternal Father, Strong to Save."
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 4th, 2007, 4:52 am

Religious History
1256 Pope Alexander IV founded the Roman Catholic religious order of the Augustine Hermits.
1493 Pope Alexander VI issued "Inter caeterea II," which divided possession of the New World discoveries by Spain and Portugal along a longitudinal line running 250 miles west of the Cape Verde Islands.
1746 The Moravians in Pennsylvania established the Moravian Women's Seminary at Bethlehem. It was the first educational institution of its kind established by the "Unitas Fratrum" in (colonial) America.
1784 Birth of Carl G. Glaser, German music teacher. Of his many choral pieces, Glaser is primarily remembered today for his hymn tune AZMON, to which the Church today sings: "O For a Thousand Tongues."
1970 In deciding the legal case "Walz v. Tax Commission of New York," the United States Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of a New York statute exempting church-owned property from taxation
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 6th, 2007, 5:22 am

Religious History
1432 Flemish artist Jan van Eyck, 61, finished the altarpiece for St. John's Church in Ghent, Belgium. Van Eyck's work is noted for its descriptive realism and intensive color.
1527 Forty thousand mercenaries, hired by Cardinal Pompeo Colonna, sacked the city of Rome, destroying two-thirds of the houses. They butchered clergy and laity alike, and forced Clement VII to flee, disguised as a gardener. It was the end of the golden age of the Renaissance.
1835 Birth of John T. Grape, American Methodist layman. He composed a number of hymn tunes during his life, including ALL TO HRIST, to which we sing today, "Jesus Paid It All."
1955 Responding to a letter received from a child, English pologist C. S. Lewis wrote: 'God knows quite well how hard we find t to love Him more than anyone or anything else, and He won't be Angry with us as long as we are trying. And He will help us.'
1986 The Rev. Donald E. Pelotte, 41, was ordained in Gallup, New Mexico -- the first American Indian to be made a Roman Catholic ishop in the U.S.
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 7th, 2007, 4:30 am

1982 IBM releases PC-DOS version 1.1
1982 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1983 109th Kentucky Derby: Ed Delahoussaye on Sunny's Halo wins in 2:02.2
1983 August Hoffman perform record 29,051 consecutive sit-ups
1983 August Hoffman performs record 29,051 consecutive sit-ups
1983 Bruins 4-Isles 8-Wales Conference Championship-Isles win series 4-2
1984 $180 million out-of-court settlement reached in Agent Orange suit
1984 Sharon Barrett wins LPGA Potamkin Cadillac Golf Classic
1986 Bucharest wins 31st Europe Cup I
1986 Phillies outfielder Garry Maddox, retires
1987 105º F in Sacramento CA
1987 Diane Chambers' (Shelley Long) final episode on Cheers
1988 114th Kentucky Derby: Gary Stevens on Winning Colors wins in 2:02.2
1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1989 Juli Inkster wins LPGA Crestar Golf Classic
1989 Mark Merrony (Wales) cycles for 30 minutes in Nepal at 21,030 feet
1989 Panamanian voters reject dictator Manuel Noriega's bid for presidency
1991 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1991 Haryana beat Bombay in the Ranji Cricket Trophy final by 2 runs
1992 5 NYC cops arrested in Hauppauge Long Island for selling cocaine
1992 Constitutional amendment barring mid-term congressional raises passes
1992 Jockey Angel Cordero retires after winning over 7,000 horse races
1992 US space shuttle STS-49 launched (maiden voyage of Endeavour)
1993 South Africa agrees to multi-racial elections
1994 120th Kentucky Derby: Chris McCarron on Go For Gin wins in 2:03.6
1994 Denver Nuggets become NBA's 1st #8 seed to beat a #1 seed (Seattle)
1994 Edvard Munchs painting "The Scream" recovered 3 months after stolen
1994 Gary Hart's girlfriend Donna Rice (36) weds Jack Hughes (42)
1994 Matlock actor Daniel Roebuck (30) weds Kelly Durst (24)
1995 "On the Waterfront" closes at Atkinson Theater NYC after 8 performances
1995 Jacques Chirac wins French presidential election
1995 Michelle McGann wins LPGA Sara Lee Golf Classic
1995 Twins beat Indians 10-9 in 17 innings, 6 hours & 36 minutes
1996 Comedian Martin Lawrence suffers a nervous breakdown
1997 Expos scores 13 in 6th at Giants
1997 Galileo, 4th Ganymede Flyby (Orbit 8)
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 9th, 2007, 4:49 am

Religious History
1619 In Holland, the six month long Synod of Dort ended. Confirming the authority of the "Heidelberg Catechism," the decisions of the Synod led to some 200 Arminian clergy being afterward deprived of their offices.
1828 Birth of Andrew Murray, South African Dutch Reformed clergyman and devotional writer. His most famous writing was "Abide in Christ" (1864).
1905 Birth of Merrill Dunlop, American sacred chorister and hymnwriter. He directed the Chicago Gospel Tabernacle for many years, and is author of the hymn, "My Sins Are Blotted Out, I Know."
1961 English apologist C.S. Lewis, offering an evaluation of English Bible translations, wrote in a letter: 'A modern translation is for most purposes far more useful than the Authorized [i.e., King James] Version.'
1983 John Paul II announced the reversal of the Catholic Church's 1633 condemnation of Galileo Galilei, the scientist who first espoused the Copernican (i.e., heliocentric) view of our solar system.
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 9th, 2007, 8:20 pm

Birthdates which occurred on May 09:
1265 Dante Alighieri Italian poet (Divina Commedia)
1596 Abraham van Diepenbeeck painter
1738 John Pindar [Peter] physician/poet
1740 Giovanni Paisiello Italian composer (Barber of Seville)
1783 Alexander Ross Canada, pioneer/fur trader
1785 James Pollard Espy Pennsylvania, meteorologist (Philosphy of Storms)
1793 Johannes C de Jonge Dutch historian/archivist
1796 August Pauly German classicus (Real Encyclopedia)
1800 John Brown abolitionist; led attack on Harpers Ferry
1801 Samuel Cousins mezzotint engraver
1810 Louis Gallait historical painter
1810 WFLC Marianne princess of Orange-Nassau/daughter of king Willem I
1814 Adolph von Henselt composer
1824 William Edmonson "Grumble" Jones Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
1829 Ciro Pinsuti pianist/composer
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 10th, 2007, 7:13 am

Religious History
1812 Birth of Frances Elizabeth Cox, English translator. She made 56 contributions to the 1841 publication, "Sacred Hymns from the German," including "Sing Praise to God Who Reigns Above."
1828 English church leader John Henry Newman wrote in a letter: 'I wish it were possible for words to put down those indefinite, vague and withal subtle feelings which quite pierce the soul and make it sick. What a veil and curtain this world of sense is. Beautiful, but still a veil.'
1859 Birth of Wilhelm Wrede, a German Bible scholar who contended that the gospels reflected the theology of the primitive Church rather than the true history of Jesus. Wrede thus contributed his name to the title of Albert Schweitzer's 1906 theological classic: "The Quest of the Historical Jesus: From Reimarus to Wrede."
1912 The first Southern Sociological Congress closed, in Nashville. The four-day convocation met to address "social, civic and economic problems" of sixteen Southern states, and was an example of government, social agencies and the Church working together for social betterment.
1939 The Declaration of Union reunited the Methodist Episcopal Church in the U.S. after 109 years of division. (The Methodist Protestant Church had separated from the parent denomination in 1830, as had the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, later, in 1844.)
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 11th, 2007, 4:59 am

Religious History
1621 Death of Johann Arndt, 65, German Lutheran theologian. Called the precursor of Pietism, Arndt was the greatest name in the history of German mysticism after Thomas a Kempis.
1682 The General Court of Massachusetts repealed two laws which had been passed two years earlier: one forbade the keeping of Christmas, and the second mandated capital punishment for Quakers who returned to the colony after being banished.
1824 St. Regis Seminary was opened in Florissant, Missouri. It was the first Roman Catholic institution established in America for the higher education of American Indians.
1825 The American Tract Society, the first national tract league in America, was formed in NY City by the merger of 50 smaller societies.
1888 The Woman's Missionary Union, Auxiliary to the Southern Baptist Convention, had its inception in Richmond, Virginia, when delegates from 15 states met to form a general women's organization within the denomination.
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 13th, 2007, 5:08 am

Religious History
1665 A statute was enacted in Rhode Island, offering freemanship with no specifically Christian requirements, thus effectively enfranchising Jews.
1839 Birth of William P. Mackey, a Scottish physician who later in life became a Presbyterian pastor. Mackey wrote several hymns during his life, including "Revive Us Again."
1917 Near Fatima, Portugal, three shepherd children reported that Mary, the mother of Jesus, had appeared to them. Since 1930, this appearance has come to be known as Our Lady of Fatima.
1925 In Tallahassee, Florida, the State legislature passed a bill requiring daily Bible readings in all public schools.
1981 In St. Peter's Square, Rome, Turkish terrorist Mehmet Ali Agca, 23, shot and seriously wounded Pope John Paul II in an assassination attempt. Following a long convalescence, however, John Paul resumed his world travels
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 14th, 2007, 7:25 am

Religious History
1607 In Virginia, on the first Sunday after the arrival of the Jamestown Expedition, Anglican priest Robert Hunt, 39, held the first Anglican service in the New World. Named chaplain of the expedition to Jamestown, Hunt was also the first Anglican priest to come to America.
1932 Death of John Hughes, 59, Welsh rail official and church worker. During his life, Hughes composed a number of hymns, including CWM RHONDDA, to which the Church today still sings "Guide Me, O Thou Great Jehovah."
1948 After nineteen centuries of enforced exile, the Jewish people regained their homeland when the State of Israel was formally proclaimed in Tel Aviv. On this same date, the U.S. became the first world nation to recognize the newly-refounded state of Israel.
1950 American missionary and martyr Jim Elliot wrote in his journal: 'To believe is to act as though a thing were so. Merely saying a thing is so is no proof of my believing it.'
1974 In the Anglican Church in England, the Rev. F. Donald Coggan, 64, was named the 101st Archbishop of Canterbury by Queen Elizabeth II, succeeding former Archbishop Michael Ramsey.
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 15th, 2007, 4:19 am

Religious History
1455 A crusade against the Turks and for the capture of Constantinople was proclaimed by Pope Calixtus III.
1686 Rev. Robert Ratcliffe arrived in Boston from England, with orders from King Charles II to establish the Anglican Church in Massachusetts.
1816 Birth of Sylvanus Dryden Phelps, U.S. Baptist clergyman and poet. His several writings included the hymn, "Savior, Thy Dying Love."
1889 At the close of a two-day denominational conference in Cleveland, Ohio, the Epworth League of the Methodist Episcopal Church was organized. It became the foundation of the current United Methodist Youth (UMY) fellowship programs.
1943 German Lutheran theologian and Nazi martyr Dietrich Bonhoeffer wrote in a letter from prison: 'I read the Psalms every day, as I have done for years; I know them and love them more than any other book.'
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 16th, 2007, 8:01 am

Religious History
1540 German reformer Martin Luther remarked: 'In the worst temptations nothing can help us but faith that God's Son has put on flesh, is bone, sits at the right hand of the Father, and prays for us. There is no mightier comfort.'
1850 Birth of Arthur H. Mann, English church organist. In addition to being an authority on Handel, Mann also composed a number of sacred hymn tunes, including ANGEL'S STORY, to which we sing today, "O Jesus, I Have Promised."
1866 Missouri Lutheran Synod founder C.F.W. Walther wrote in a letter: 'God carries on His work through men with whom it sometimes seems as if one would go to the right and the other to the left and the third one would hold back, and yet the work progresses.'
1920 Popular Baptist pastor and denominational leader George Washington Truett, 53, preached his famous sermon, "Baptists and Religious Liberty," to 15,000 people from the Capitol steps in Washington, D.C.
1929 The Shaffer Lectureship was established at the Yale Divinity School, in memory of Kent Shaffer, Ph.B., 1907. The lectures are concerned with some phase of the life, character and teachings of Jesus. Lecturers have included C.H. Dodd (1935); Ralph W. Sockman (1936); Martin Dibelius (1937); and James Moffatt (1940).
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 16th, 2007, 11:44 pm

Birthdates which occurred on May 17:

1444 Sandro Botticelli Italian painter (Birth of Venus)
1451 Engelbert II earl of Nassau-Dillenburg-Dietz/viceroy of Luxembourg
1490 Albrecht von Hohenzollern 1st duke of Prussia
1551 Martinus A del Rio Spanish/South Netherlands lawyer/historian/theologist
1568 Christoph Thomas Walliser composer
1576 Ferdinand van Apshoven the Older, Flemish painter, baptized
1673 Jozef LD von Königsegg Austria, military minister of Austrian Netherlands
1691 Antoine Court French reformed theologist
1732 Francesco Pasquale Ricci composer
1741 John Penn US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence)
1749 Edward Jenner England, physician, discovered vaccination
1768 Caroline Brunswick, Queen Consort of King George IV
1794 Anna Brownell Jameson Dublin, writer
1796 Martinus J Niewindt bishop of Curaçao (christen slaves)
1800 Carl Friedrich Zollner composer
1803 Robert Smith Surtees novelist
1804 Ottho G Heldring Dutch vicar/reformer (Heldring Institutions)
1808 Charles-Louis-Adolphe Vogel composer
1812 Joseph Warren Revere Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1880
1819 Johann Nepomuk Kafka composer
1823 Charlotte Helen Sainton-Dolby contralto/composer
1836 Joseph Norman Lockyer discovered Helium/founded Nature magazine
1846 Edmund Bishop English secretary of Thomas Carlyle
1850 Antonio Scontrino composer
1866 Erik Alfred Satie Honfleur France, composer (Mémoirs d'un Ambésique)
1867 Gerrit Mannoury Dutch mathematician/philosopher
1871 Henricus P Bremmer art historian (Modern Kunstwerken)
1873 Dorothy Miller Richardson Abingdon Berkshire, novelist
1873 Henri Barbusse Asnieres France, novelist (Le Feu)
1876 Alban Collignon Belgian sport journalist
1878 Conway Tearle US actor (Klondike Annie, Should Ladies Behave?)
1886 Alfonso XIII Borbón King of Spain (1902-31)
1888 A P "Tich" Freeman cricket leg-spinner (legend for Kent & England)
1889 Alfonso Reyes Mexican poet/historian/diplomat (Higenia Cruel)
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 17th, 2007, 7:37 am

Religious History
352 Liberius was elected 36th pope of the Early Church. During this time the dispute between Arius and Athanasius was at its height, and after vacillating earlier, Liberius vindicated himself as a champion of Nicene orthodoxy.
1291 Scottish medieval Franciscan philosopher John Duns Scotus, 25, was ordained. He believed in "divine will" rather than "divine intellect," and founded a scholastic system called Scotism. In the Catholic Church he is known as "the Subtle Doctor."
1844 Birth of Julius Wellhausen, the German biblical scholar who, in his 1878 "History of Israel," first advanced the JEDP Hypothesis, claiming that the Pentateuch (i.e., the first five O.T. books) was a compilation of four earlier, literary sources.
1881 The Revised Version (EV or ERV) of the New Testament was first published in England. The Old Testament was completed in 1885. In 1905 the American Standard Version (ASV) ÀÀ based on the textual foundation of the ERV ÀÀ was published in the U.S.
1947 The Conservative Baptist Association of America (CBAA) was formally established at Atlantic City, NJ, as a breakaway movement from within the American Baptist Convention.
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 18th, 2007, 8:11 pm

Birthdates which occurred on May 18:
1692 Joseph Butler Wantage Berkshire, theologian
1711 Ruggiero G Boscovich [Rudzer J Boskovic], Italian astronomer
1744 Joseph Beer Bohemia clarinetist/composer (5th clarinet flap)
1759 Charles Duquesnoy composer
1788 Hugh Clapperton Annan Scotland, African explorer
1797 Frederik Augustus II King of Saxon (1836-54)
1798 Ethan Allen Hitchcock Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1870
1815 Thomas Stanhope Bocock representative (Confederacy), died in 1891
1817 James William Denver Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
1819 Julius Hopp composer
1830 Karl Goldmark Keszthely Hungary, composer (Sakuhtala)
1836 Isidor Vorobchievici composer
1836 Wilhelm Steinitz Austria, world chess champion (1866-94)
1850 Oliver Heaviside physicist predicted existence of ionosphere
1854 Bernard Zweers Dutch composer (To My Fatherland)
1862 Freiherr Albert von Schrenk-Notzing German para-psychologist
1864 Jan P Veth Bayern, Dutch painter/etcher/lithographer/art historian
1865 William Heinemann England, publisher (Chemical Instrumental)
1868 Nicholas II Aleksandrovitsj last tsar of Russia (1894-1917)
1869 Ruprecht crown prince of Bavaria/general-fieldmarshall
1871 Franiska zu Reventlow writer
1872 Bertrand Russell England, mathematician/philosopher (Nobel 1950)
1875 Guido Alberto Fano composer
1881 Georgi Atanasov composer
1882 Eduardo Fabini composer
1883 Walter Gropius Berlin Germany, architect (founded Bauhaus school of design)
1885 Eurico Gaspar Dutra President of Brazil (1945-50)
1886 Ole Windingstad composer
1887 Ernst Wiechert writer
1889 G Gunnarson writer
1891 Rudolf Carnap philosopher (German Logical Positivist)
1892 Ezio Pinza Rome Italy, bass (New York Metropolitan-South Pacific)
1896 Walter Fitzgerald Keyhan Devonport England
1897 Frank Capra Palermo Sicily Italy, movie director (It's a Wonderful Life, Arsenic & Old Lace)
1897 Jack Raine London England, actor (Quartet)
1898 Juan J Domenchina Spanish poet/interpreter (sombra desterrada)
19-- Gail Strickland Birmingham AL, actress (Alice West-Insiders)
19-- Steven David Delong rocker (Sweet F.A.-Stick To Your Guns)
1900 Sarah Miriam Peale US, portrait painter (General Lafayette-1825)
1901 Harry Robert Wilson composer
1901 Henri-Pierre Sauguet Bordeaux France, composer (La Chotte)
1901 Vincent du Vigneaud US biochemist
1902 [Robert] Meredith Willson Mason City IA, composer (Music Man)
1903 George E Stone Lodz Poland, actor (Viva Villa, Last Mile)
1904 Jacob K Javits (Senator-R-NY)
1905 Eric Zeisl composer
1905 Hedley Verity cricketer (terrific slow lefty for England pre-WWII)
1907 Clifford Curzon London England, pianist (MacFarren Gold Medal)
1907 Robley D Evans nuclear physicist
1909 Fred Perry Stockport England, tennis star/commentator (Wimbledon 1934-36)
1910 Arthur van Schendel Dutch art historian
1911 Big Joe Turner Kansas City MO, blues singer (Corrine Corrina, Shake Rattle & Roll)
1911 Lord Hartwell
1911 Sigrid Gurie Brooklyn NY, actor (Algiers, Sofia, Refugee)
1912 Georg von Opel German auto manufacturer
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 20th, 2007, 4:52 am

Religious History
1530 German reformer Martin Luther wrote in a letter: 'God's friendship is a bigger comfort than that of the whole world.'
1690 Death of John Eliot, 86, colonial missionary to the American Indians of Maryland. Eliot arrived in America from England in 1631; by 1663 he had translated the entire Bible into the Algonquin Indian language.
1754 Columbia University in New York City was chartered as King's College, under sponsorship of the Episcopal Church. The institution adopted its present name in 1896.
1878 William R. Featherstone died at the age of 32. A Canadian Methodist who spent his life in Montreal, it was Featherstone who authored the hymn, "My Jesus, I Love Thee."
1937 Following a lifelong call to establish a worldwide evangelistic ministry to children, missions pioneer Jesse Overholtzer, 59, founded Child Evangelism Fellowship, in Chicago.
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 21st, 2007, 7:48 am

Religious History
1536 The General Assembly of Geneva, Switzerland officially embraced Protestantism by accepting the evangelical faith of the Swiss reformers.
1739 Methodist hymnwriter Charles Wesley, 31, on the first anniversary of his religious conversion, penned the hymn, "O For a Thousand Tongues."
1740 English revivalist George Whitefield wrote in a letter regarding Jesus' character; 'He was God and man in one person, that God and man might be happy together again.'
1864 Belgian missionary priest Father Damien, 24, was ordained on the Island of Hawaii. Born Joseph de Veuster, the Picpus Father began a work among the lepers on the island of Molokai in 1873. Contracting the disease in 1884, Father Damien succumbed to it five years later.
1944 German Lutheran theologian and Nazi martyr Dietrich Bonhoeffer wrote in a letter from prison: 'God alone protects; otherwise there is nothing
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 30th, 2007, 5:57 am

Religious History
339 Death of Eusebius, 74, Father of early church history. He attended the Council of Nicea in A.D. 325, and his "Historia Ecclesiastica" contains an abundance of detail on the first three centuries of the Early Church found nowhere else in ancient literature.
1431 French heroine Joan of Arc, 19, a prisoner of the English, was burned at the stake for heresy. (She was later canonized in 1920 by Benedict XV.)
1819 Anglican bishop Reginald Heber, 36, penned the words to the missionary hymn, "From Greenland's Icy Mountains."
1934 The two-day Barmen Synod ended in Germany. The resulting Barmen Declaration affirmed that the German Confessing Church recognized Jesus Christ to be the only authoritative voice of God, in clear contrast to all other (i.e., Nazi) powers representing divine revelation.
1968 Death of Martin Noth, 66, German Old Testament scholar. Noth was the first authority to note that 1&2 Samuel and 1&2 Kings contain virtually no mention of the classic prophets: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Amos and Hosea.
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Postby noreply66 » May 30th, 2007, 7:56 pm

In 1943,American forces secured the Aleutian island of Attu from the Japanese during World War II.
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » May 31st, 2007, 5:22 am

Religious History
1578 Italian archaeologist Antonio Bosio became the first man in modern times to rediscover the Christian catacombs in Rome. Researchers (e.g., Giovanni B. de Rossi) who followed him dubbed Bosio "the Columbus of the Catacombs."
1638 Colonial clergyman Thomas Hooker, 51, first arrived at the site of New Haven, CT, having migrated there with his church members who repudiated the autocratic rule of Puritanism in Boston. Hooker (the founder of Connecticut) believed Boston had become corrupt, and that church authority should rest in the people's consent.
1769 Anglican clergyman and hymnwriter John Newton wrote in a letter: 'He fulfills His promise in making our strength equal to our day; and every new trial gives us new proof how happy it is to be enabled to put our trust in Him.'
1821 The first Catholic cathedral in the U.S. ÀÀ the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Mary was dedicated in Baltimore.
1942 German warplanes bombed Canterbury, England, causing severe damage to the Canterbury Cathedral (seat of Anglicanism), in retaliation for Britain's assault on Cologne, Germany.
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » June 1st, 2007, 5:36 am

Religious History
1793 Birth of Henry Francis Lyte, Scottish clergyman who wrote the hymns 'Abide with Me' and 'Jesus, I My Cross Have Taken.'
1922 Birth of Ray Knighton, who in 1954 founded the Medical Assistance Program (MAP International) in Chicago.
1930 Missionary-linguist Frank C. Laubach wrote in a letter: 'I must talk about God, or I cannot keep Him in my mind. I must give Him away in order to have Him.'
1953 The Christian Aid Mission (CIM) was chartered in Washington, DC by founder Bob Finley.
1978 The Evangelical Free Baptist Church was incorporated in DuPage County, Illinois, having withdrawn from the Southern Baptist Convention following a doctrinal dispute.
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » June 8th, 2007, 6:32 am

Religious History
1536 Ten Articles of Religion were published by the English clergy, in support of Henry VIII's Declaration of Supremacy. The Anglican Church had begun defining its doctrinal distinctions, after breaking with Roman Catholicism.
1810 Birth of German composer Robert A. Schumann, who composed the sacred tune CANONBURY, to which is commonly sung the hymn, 'Lord Speak to Me That I May Speak.'
1942 Unevangelized Fields Mission (UFM) was incorporated in Philadelphia. Today this interdenominational mission agency works in a dozen countries in Latin America, Europe and Africa.
1973 The American Society of Missiology was founded in St. Louis. The ecumenical organization seeks to stimulate an academic interest in Christian missions, and publishes the journal 'Missiology: An International Review.'
1978 Through the voice of its president Spencer W. Kimball, the Mormon Church reversed a 148-year- long policy of spiritual discrimination against African-American leadership within the denomination.
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » June 9th, 2007, 4:39 am

Religious History
0597 Death of St. Columba (born 521), pioneer missionary to Scotland. From the Isle of Iona, Columba evangelized the mainland of Scotland and Northumbria.
1549 In England, Parliament established a uniformity of religious services and the first Book of Common Prayer, as Anglicanism became the newly established national faith.
1732 Englishman James Oglethorpe received a royal charter to form the American colony of Georgia. It was to be a place of refuge for sectarian Protestant believers, persecuted in England.
1784 In the first step toward formal organization of the Roman Catholic Church in the U.S., Father John Carroll was appointed superior of the American missions by Pius VI.
1834 English Baptist missionary pioneer William Carey died at 73. Having translated portions of Scripture into as many as 25 languages, he is known by some today as the 'father of modern missions.'
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Postby TigerTownTurkey » June 13th, 2007, 6:39 am

Deaths which occurred on June 13:
323 -BC- Alexander the Great dies of fever at Babylon
1886 King Ludwig II of Bavaria drowns
1946 Edward Bowes radio host (Major Bowes Amateur Hour), dies at 71
1961 Ben Jones Missouri, horse trainer (Citation, Whirlaway), dies at 79
1962 Sir Eugene Goossens composer, dies at 69
1972 Clyde McPhatter singer of the drifters, dies of a heart attack
1977 Tom C Clark former Supreme Court Justice, dies in NY at 77
1979 Darla Hood actress (Little Rascals), dies
1982 King Khalid of Saudi Arabia, dies at 69
1986 Benny Goodman the clarinet playing King of Swing, dies in NY at 77
1987 Geraldine Page actress (Blue & Gray), dies at 62
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